4 Basic Fundamental Principles of Homeopathy
1. Law of similars or ‘Like cures like’
The law of similars is the primary law of cure. The homoeopathic remedies are tested on human provers to elicit the symptoms they can produce. The symptoms produced after taking Homeopathic medicine are recorded in exact details to form the homoeopathic materia medica. The symptoms of the patient are then matched with the symptoms of the various remedies in the materia medica to find out a single remedy whose symptoms are most similar to those of the patient. A homeopathy doctor needs to undertand the symptoms of a patient very carefully.
2. Single remedy at a time
One of the most fundamental principles of homeopathy is that of prescribing one remedy at a time. Any beneficial effects could not be evaluated if more than one remedy is prescribed. It would not be possible to decide which medicine has acted and which medicine to follow in the next prescription. Moreover, homeopathic remedies are proven as a single one entity.
Till now no proving has ever been conducted with multiple medicinal substances/ combination remedies. So it would not be possible to predict which symptoms the combination remedies could cure. Homeopathy treats the person as a whole with one single remedy which is most similar in all his sufferings. Homeopathic doctors are trained to treat a wide variety of illnesses. They will select one single remedy for an individual patient, which would relieve or cure all health troubles.
Each individual is unique in his/ her nature and temperament, even the symptoms are different in different people suffering from the same disease. Homeopathic prescriptions are on the basis of individuality of the patient and not on the diagnostic symptoms. So the medicine prescribed would be different for different patients although they suffer from the same disease.
A disease condition as stated in the medical books and we observed in a patient at our clinic is not identical. There are some common features of a particular disease in all the patients but each patient differs from others in some respects. This is because of the individual variations of the same disease in different people. So, ten different patients suffering from the same disease may react in different ways representing different symptoms and require ten different homeopathic medicines based on the individual symptoms of the patients.
4. Minimum dose
The dose and repetition of the medicine should be minimum to ensure that the treatment is safe and free from any side effects. Minimum applies to quantity potency and frequency of repetition. Minimum dose means the minimum stimulus necessary to produce perceptible changes in the living human being. Less the material quantity of the drug the more are the chances to avoid medicinal aggravation.
Where one drop is sufficient, 3 or 4 drops may cause aggravation. Where low potency 6c is appropriate higher potency 200c may cause aggravation and where single stimulus or single dose in sufficient, frequent repetition of doses may spoil the case. But minimum dose is a relative term because minimum dose in a particular patient may appear to be large to another patient. It depends on the susceptibility of the patient.